The Vietnamese Dong's Security Features & Authenticity
By | November 30, 2023

In the heart of Southeast Asia lies the vibrant and culturally rich nation of Vietnam. Amidst its bustling cities, serene landscapes, and bustling markets, you'll find a currency that reflects not only the country's economic growth but also its commitment to safeguarding the wealth of its citizens and visitors. The Vietnamese đồng (VND), while renowned for its unique denominations and historical significance, boasts a series of cutting-edge security features that protect against counterfeiting and ensure the integrity of the currency.

The Vietnamese Đồng: A Brief Overview

The đồng, abbreviated as VND, is the official currency of Vietnam, issued and regulated by the State Bank of Vietnam (Ngân hàng Nhà nước Việt Nam). Introduced in 1978, it replaced the old đồng, which was in circulation since the country's independence. The đồng is often noted for its colorful banknotes, showcasing historical figures, landmarks, and cultural symbols. The currency reflects Vietnam's rich history and diverse culture, with denominations ranging from small copper coins to the larger polymer banknotes.

Ensuring the Security of the Vietnamese Đồng

Vietnam, like many nations, faces the ongoing challenge of counterfeit currency. To counter this threat and maintain trust in the đồng, the State Bank of Vietnam has implemented a range of advanced security features. These features are not only visually impressive but also technically sophisticated, making it exceptionally difficult for counterfeiters to replicate the currency accurately.

  • Polymer Banknotes: One of the most notable security features of the Vietnamese đồng is the use of polymer for its higher denominations. These banknotes, with denominations of 10,000 VND and above, are made of a special polymer material that is more durable and resistant to wear and tear than traditional paper notes. The unique tactile feel and flexibility of these notes make them instantly recognizable.
  • Optically Variable Ink: Higher denomination banknotes, such as the 100,000 VND and 500,000 VND notes, feature an optically variable ink (OVI) patch that changes color when tilted. This feature is particularly difficult for counterfeiters to replicate, adding an extra layer of security.
  • Security Threads: Embedded within the polymer banknotes is a security thread that becomes visible when held up to the light. These threads are intricately woven with microprinting and can be seen running vertically through the note. Counterfeiters find it exceedingly challenging to reproduce these fine details accurately.
  • Watermark: Another critical security feature of the Vietnamese đồng is the watermark. When you hold a banknote up to the light, a faint image of the featured historical figure or symbol becomes visible. The watermark adds a layer of complexity for counterfeiters trying to replicate the currency.
  • Raised Print: The banknotes also incorporate raised printing elements. By running your fingers across certain parts of the note, you can feel raised portions of ink. This tactile feature is difficult for counterfeiters to mimic with standard printing methods.
  • Microprinting: Tiny, intricate text and patterns are integrated into the design of the banknotes, visible only under magnification. These elements are virtually impossible to replicate with ordinary printers.
  • UV Ink: Under ultraviolet (UV) light, certain parts of the banknotes fluoresce, revealing hidden patterns and symbols. This feature is a favorite tool of authorities and bank tellers for quick authentication.


The Vietnamese đồng is not just a medium of exchange; it is a testament to Vietnam's commitment to preserving the wealth and economic stability of its citizens and visitors. The currency's state-of-the-art security features are a testament to the State Bank of Vietnam's dedication to countering counterfeiting, ensuring that the đồng remains a trusted and reliable form of currency. As Vietnam continues to grow economically and play an increasingly prominent role on the global stage, its currency will undoubtedly continue to evolve with new and innovative security features to protect its integrity. Whether you're a traveler exploring the vibrant streets of Hanoi or a local conducting daily transactions, you can trust that the Vietnamese đồng is designed to safeguard your financial interests.

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